(KCS/Keratoconjunctivitis sicca) Eye dryness caused by increased tear film evaporation or decreased tear production.
Glaucoma describes an increase in pressure inside the eye when fluid cannot drain from the eye, leading to damage to the optic nerve and the retina. Many breeds are predisposed to Primary Glaucoma as they have inherited a narrowed drain. Alternatively, inflammation, tumors, and luxating lenses can clog an otherwise normal drain, causing Secondary Glaucoma
SUDDEN LOSS OF VISION
Blindness can occur for many reasons ranging from inherited retinal conditions to tumors within the brain. Sudden, severe visual impairment, often without discomfort, requires diagnostic testing to determine the cause
Cataracts include any opacity in the lens that blocks vision. In severe cases when vision becomes significantly impaired, cataract surgery to restore vision may be possible
Any adverse retinal condition, such as Progressive Retinal Atrophy or Sudden Acquired Retinal Degeneration Syndrome
While many eyelid tumors are considered benign cancers, masses that occupy a large proportion of the eyelid or cause considerable irritation and corneal ulceration should be removed surgically
An eye disorder in which the retina separates from its underlying layer of tissue.
Uveitis is a condition involving Inflammation of the eye. Uveitis can be caused by trauma, infection, neoplasia or immune-mediated disease and investigation of the underlying cause is important to determine a helpful treatment.
Entropion describes an eye disorder in which the eyelid folds inward. The cornea may become irritated due to constant abrasion from the eyelashes, and surgical correction would be recommended
Distichia are abnormal hairs that arise from the meibomian glands lining the edge of the eyelids. When these hairs lead to irritation and ulceration, removal or the hair follicle is recommended with cautery or cryotherapy
FELINE HERPES VIRUS
FHV-1 is one of the most common causes of feline upper respiratory infection, and ocular signs often include conjunctivitis and corneal ulceration
Conjunctivitis describes inflammation of the conjunctiva, or the outermost layer of the eye and inner surface of the eyelids, most often due to infection or allergy
OFA EXAMINATIONS FOR BREEDING DOGS
Eye certification exams involving indirect ophthalmoscopy and slit lamp biomicroscopy.
A surgical procedure to correct damage from trauma or growing tumors.
Surgical removal of the eye to provide comfort in end-stage disease.
CORNEAL ULCER, RUPTURE AND LACERATION REPAIR
Surgical repair of various forms of damage to the cornea.
LASER CILIARY ABLATION FOR GLAUCOMA
Application of laser energy to eyes with glaucoma that qualify.
The use of laser energy to decrease the risk of retinal detachment.
The removal of the natural lens of the eye that has become opaque.
A condition in which the lens of the eye either pushes into the iris or falls back and lies on the floor of the eye.
A type of electrography that measures the electrical responses of various cell types in the retina.
Evaluation of the eye and adjacent structures using ultrasound.